2. Arrangements for Collection:
All cheques and other Negotiable Instruments payable locally would be presented through the clearing system prevailing at the respective centre.
In general, cheques received within three hours from the time of commencement of business hours of the branch, on working days, from Monday to Friday and cheques received within 30 minutes of the commencement of the business on Saturdays shall be sent for clearing on the same day. However, the time may vary depending upon the:
Local cheque clearing timings
Time required for traveling to the Clearing House/Main Clearing branch/Service Branch
Availability of conveyance facility.
Cheques deposited after the cut-off time and in collection boxes outside the branch premises including off-site ATMs shall be presented in the
next clearing cycle. The cut off time up to which the cheques received will be sent for clearing on the same day is available on the Branch Notice Board. The cut off time prescribed for each collection box will be indicated on the face of the Box.
Cheques drawn on other banks at outstation centers shall normally be collected through bank’s branches at those centers. Where the bank does not have a branch of its own, the instrument would be directly sent for collection to the drawee bank or collected through a correspondent bank. The bank would also use the National Clearing services offered by the Reserve Bank of India at centers where such collection services exist. However, while collecting cheques for NRE account holders, collecting branches shall ensure the eligibility of funds for credit to NRE accounts, as balance in such accounts is repatriable.
In order to extend the benefit of Core Banking Solution, the following arrangement is made for collection of cheques.
(a) For Cheques drawn on our Bank branches, tendered by the customers of the Bank, during business hours:
The amount of cheques drawn on any of our branches, tendered during the business hours of the branch, shall be credited on the same day (subject to availability of sufficient funds in the drawer’s account and the cheque is properly drawn) through Intersol transaction. In case of cheques drawn on outstation centers or centers outside the clearing zone, applicable collection charges shall be collected.
The amount of cheques drawn on any of our branches, tendered after business hours of the branch, shall be credited on the next working day (subject to availability of sufficient funds in the drawer’s account and the cheque is properly drawn).
(b) Collection of cheques tendered by the customers of other branches:
In order to implement anywhere banking concept in its true spirit,Customers of our Bank are permitted to tender either local or outstation cheques, for collection at any of our branches. The branch where the cheque is tendered should handle the cheque as per the procedure for collecting local/outstation cheques through Intersol.
In case of outstation cheques, collection charges shall be levied depending on the type of the account, as enumerated below:
Charges for cheques drawn on our Bank
(a) For cheques payable with in the same clearing zone and the beneficiary’s account is also with in the same clearing zone:
(b)For cheques deposited and payable with in the same clearing zone and the beneficiary’s account is outside the clearing zone:
Prevalent collection charge shall be collected by the collecting/remitting branch depending on the type of the account
Charges for collection of outstation cheques drawn on Other Bank:
Prevailing collection charges shall be collected based on the type of account irrespective of whether the beneficiary’s account is with in
the same clearing zone or not.
In view of the above, time frame for collection of cheques drawn on any of our branches may be fixed as the same day for cheques presented during business hours and next working day for cheques received after business hours. The above arrangement is for customers maintaining account with our own branches and for account to account transfer within our bank only.
In case of dishonour of cheques for insufficiency of funds, applicable charges shall be collected from the drawer of the cheque.
2.3 Speed clearing:
Speed clearing refers to collection of outstation cheques through the local clearing. It facilitates collection of cheques drawn on outstation
core banking enabled branches of banks, if they have a networked branch, locally. Speed clearing aims to reduce the time taken for realization of outstation cheques. Outstation cheque collection through collection basis takes around one to two weeks depending on the corresponding / drawee bank for this purpose however under Speed clearing; it would be two to three working days.
The Bank can thus now locally pay outstation cheques of branches covered under CBS without having to physically send the cheque to the branch of the drawee bank for clearing. Speed clearing’ is operational at all MICR Centers.
Cheques,which are drawn on CBS-enabled banks' branches, are eligible for being presented in Speed clearing. Pay Orders, Demand Drafts,Government instruments and cheques drawn on a bank or bank branch,which is not a part of the Speed clearing System, are not eligible for collection under Speed clearing.
2.4 Cheques payable in Foreign Countries
In case of cheques payable in Foreign Countries the services of correspondent banks will be utilized in country/centers where the correspondent has presence. Cheques drawn on foreign banks at centers where the bank or its correspondents do not have direct presence will be sent directly to the drawee bank with instructions to credit proceeds to respective Nostro Account of the bank maintained with one of the correspondent banks. The maximum period for affording the credit to the beneficiary’s account for the cheques drawn in foreign currency is 45 days.
However,the possibility of using latest technology like image transmission (cheque 21) etc. for speedy collection of cheques wherever possible
is being explored.
2.5 Immediate Credit of Local / Outstation Cheques / Instruments
Branches / extension counters of the bank shall consider providing immediate credit for outstation cheques / instruments up to the aggregate value of Rs 15,000/- (Rupees fifteen thousand only) tendered for collection by individual account holders subject to satisfactory conduct of such accounts.
For the purpose of this Policy, a satisfactorily conducted account shall be the one:
Opened at least six months earlier and complying with KYC norms.
Conduct of which has been satisfactory and bank has not noticed any irregular dealings.
Where no cheques / instruments for which immediate credit was afforded returned unpaid for financial reasons
Where the bank has not experienced any difficulty in recovery of any amount advanced in the past including cheques returned after giving immediate credit.
Immediate credit shall be provided against such collection instruments at the specific request of the customer or as per prior arrangement. The
facility of immediate credit would also be made available in respect of local cheques at centers where no formal clearing house exists.
Prevalent cheque collection charges and actual postage if any would be collected for affording immediate credit. To avail this facility the
Should be in order in all respects
Should not be drawn/issued by exchange companies
Should not be drawn by the account holder himself seeking immediate credit (in case of cheques drawn on other Banks)
Should be in favour of the account holder seeking for immediate credit
The facility of extending immediate credit shall not be afforded to the following category of accounts/customers:
Accounts in the name of minors.
SB Sugama (No frill account)
Cheques/drafts tendered after business hours shall be dealt with on the next working day.
If a cheque sent for collection for which immediate credit was provided by the bank is returned unpaid, the value of the cheque shall be immediately debited to the account. The customer shall not be charged any interest from the date immediate credit was given to the date of return of the instrument unless the bank had remained out of funds on account of withdrawal of funds. Interest where applicable would be
charged on the notional overdrawn balances in the account had credit
not been given initially.
If the proceeds of the cheque were credited to the Savings Bank Account and were not withdrawn, the amount so credited shall not qualify for payment of interest when the cheque is returned unpaid.
If proceeds were credited to an overdraft/loan account, interest shall be recovered at the rate of 2% above the interest rate applicable to the overdraft/loan from the date of credit to the date of reversal of the entry if the cheque/ instrument were returned unpaid to the
extent the bank was out of funds.
The above charges are excluding the prescribed cheque return charges and service charges.
2.6 Purchase of Local / Outstation Cheques:
Bank may, at its discretion, purchase local/outstation cheque tendered for collection at the specific request of the customer or as per prior
arrangement. Besides satisfactory conduct of account, the standing of the drawer of the cheque shall also be a factor considered while purchasing the cheque.
7.Procedure for handling dishonoured Cheques
(a) For Cheques tendered at the base branch:
The cheque shall be returned to the customer as early as possible. If he is a customer visiting the branch regularly either personally or through his representative the cheque shall be delivered to him/his representative across the counter on the very next day if not on the same day.
In other cases, the cheque will be dispatched to him within three day through Registered Post / Courier at the cost of the customer.
(b)For cheques tendered at non-base branch:
The cheque shall be returned to the customer through the base branch. The non-base branch shall hereby send the cheque to the base branch. On receipt of the cheque at the base branch, that base branch shall deliver the cheque to the customer as specified in (a) above. In this case, additional actual postage charges incurred by the non-base branch to send the cheque to the base branch shall also be collected by the base branch.
(c) Procedure for return/dispatch of dishonoured Cheques:
The paying branch should return dishonoured Cheques presented through clearing houses strictly as per the return discipline prescribed for respective clearing house in terms of Uniform Regulation and Rules of Bankers’ Clearing Houses.
Cheques dishonoured for want of funds in respect of all accounts should be returned along with the memo indicating therein the reason for dishonour as “insufficient funds.”
(d)Information on dishonoured Cheques:
Data in respect of each dishonoured cheque for amount of Rs.1 crore and above and below 1 crore will be made part of bank’s MIS on constituents and concerned branches should report such data to respective Regional Office and to the Head Office.
Data in respect of Cheques drawn in favor of stock exchanges and dishonoured should be consolidated separately by the branches irrespective of the value of such cheque as a part of MIS relating to broker entitles, and be reported to respective Regional Office and to the Head Office.
(e) Dealing with incidence of frequent dishonour:
(A) Frequent dishonour of Cheques / ECS mandate for amount above 1 Crore.
With a view to enforce financial discipline among the customers, branch will introduce a condition for operation of accounts with cheque facility that in the event of dishonour of cheque valuing rupees one crore and above drawn on a particular account of the drawer on four occasions during a quarter for want of sufficient funds in the account, bank will send notice advising to maintain sufficient balance in the account before issuing Cheques. Further the account shall be reviewed and closely monitored.
For the purposes of introduction of the condition mentioned at (i) above in relation to operation of the existing accounts, branch may, at the time of issuing new cheque book, issue a letter advising the constituents of the new condition.
If a cheque is dishonoured for a third time in case of value rupees one crore and above on a particular account of the drawer during the quarter, branch will issue cautionary advice to the concerned constituent drawing his attention to aforesaid condition and consequential stoppage of cheque facility in the event of cheque being dishonoured on fourth occasion for value rupees 1 crore and above on the same account during quarter. Similar cautionary advice will be issued if a branch intends to close the account with the permission of sanctioning authorities not higher than level of Managing Director in the borrowal account and with the permission of Regional Head in case of other accounts.
(B) Frequent dishonour of Cheques / ECS mandate for amount below 1 Crore.
At the time of issuance of cheque – book / accepting mandate of ECS the customer would be put on notice that it is their responsibility to ensure that adequate funds are maintained in the account to honour their commitment of payment.
On reaching the number of incidents of dishonour of cheque / ECS mandate on 40 occasions during the quarter cautionary advice would be issued stating that any more instances would disentitle the customer from availing facility of cheque – book / ECS mandate. In respect of Cash – Credit / OD accounts additionally, clarification would be sought as to the circumstances under which adequate funds were not maintained in the account and this factor would be given weight age at the time of renewal / review of credit facilities.
Despite the customer being cautioned if such incidents of dishonor persist,in the event of dishonour of cheque valuing rupees one crore and below drawn on a particular account of the drawer on 40 occasions during a quarter for want of sufficient funds in the account, bank will send notice advising to maintain sufficient balance in the account before issuing Cheques. Further the account shall be reviewed and closely monitored. In continuation of the above, if the cheque return in a particular account persists continuously for two quarters, under such accounts the branch should be instructed not to issue fresh cheque book without permission of sanctioning authorities not higher than level of Managing Director in the borrowal account and without the permission of Regional Head in case of other accounts.
If considered appropriate, Bank can give adequate notice of 15 days and close the account by recovering charges / dues if any and remitting the remaining balance by pay order / draft to the address on record of the Bank by registered post. In case of cash credit/overdraft accounts, this fact shall be referred to appropriate authority as mentioned in clause 7 (e) (B) iii.
For the purpose of adducing evidence to prove the fact of dishonour of cheque on behalf of a complainant (i.e. payee / holder of a dishonoured cheque) in any proceeding relating to dishonoured cheque before a court, consumer forum or any other competent authority,branch should extend full co-operation, and should furnish him / her documentary proof of fact of dishonour of Cheques.
Bank retains the right to amend / modify the policy and display of the same on notice board of branches / on the web site would be deemed to be adequate notice to customers of the said change.